Breeding Goats

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Indian Goat Breeds


Sirohi:

The breed is also known by other names such as Devgarhi, Parbatsari, and Ajmeri. Sirohi goat are dual-purpose animals, which are reared for both milk and meat, according to Prof. R.K. Nagda, Officer-in-Charge, Livestock Research Station (LRS), Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan. The animals are popular for their weight gain and better lactation even under poor quality rearing conditions. The animals are resistant to major diseases and are easily adaptable to different climatic conditions. Though the main breeding tracts ofSirohi goat are situated in the Aravalli hills of Rajasthan, they are also widely distributed in several other Indian states. The kidding is 90% single and 10% twins. And the lactation can last for 90 days and average to 0.75–1 kg/day for a good does.


Jamunapari:

The Jamunapari is known as the best dairy goat in India. The Punjabi Beetal Buck It is also the tallest breed and commonly known as the "Pari" in its area of origin-the "home tract"-because of its majestic appearance. Its home tract and natural habitat is the Chakarnagar area of the Etawah district in the State of Uttar Pradesh, along the delta of the Jamuna and Chambal Rivers, and the Bhind district of the State of Madhya Pradesh along the Kwari River, east of New Dehli and not far from the famous Taj Mahal at Agra. Barbari Buck You will be lucky to find a pure breed grazing other than government farms. Endangered, this breed is in serious need of conservation. The kidding is after 18 months and usually single.

Beetal:

Beetal, a dual purpose goat is found in Gurdaspur and Amritsar district of Punjab. It is also known as Amritsari goat. Beetal is considered to be a good milker with large body size and high fecundity. The skin of these goats is considered to be of high quality because of larger size and yield finest leather such as Velour, Suedeand Chamois for manufacturing clothes, shoes and gloves. Beetal goat has been widely used for improvement of local goats throughout the country. These goats are also adapted to stall feeding and thus preferred for intensive goat farming. Animal Genetics, Indian Council of Agriculture Research Sojat Does.

Barbari:

The Barbari is a meat type breed that is found in Mathura District of Uttarpradesh, as well as Gujarat in India and Jhelum and Sargodha districts in Punjab Province, Pakistan. They are a small size and their color is white creamy to golden. Spotted animals also come across. Their meat conformation is considered good. Triple kidding and early maturity are common features of these goats.Muhammad Tahir, Associate Professor, Department of Animal Breeding & Genetics,University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Sojat:

Sojat Goats are found in Rajasthan. Famous for white color and good height and health. Sojat goat is cross breed of Jamunapari goats from Uttar Pradesh. The characteristic of goat is White in color, without horn and pink skin. The breed is very well suitable for stall feed goat farming in India. Famous for Eid goats in India, people like Sojat goats for Bakri Eid Festival. The breed is used mainly for meat purpose in India. The milk yield is relatively small, about 0.5 kg per day, with an average milk yield of 65 kg over a 120 day lactation period. Usually doe kids twice in 14 months, giving birth to single in 70% while twins in 30% cases.

Exotic Goat Breeds

Australian Boer:

Boer goats are the only goats in the world bred specifically for meat production. They were developed in South Africa over the past 50 years from indigenous goats with resistance to a wide range of diseases and adapted to harsh environments ranging from the deserts to the tropics and also cold climates. The improved Boer Goat in southern Africa has shown that it can survive longer in droughts and poor grazing conditions than other goats. The dressing percentage of Boers is high compared with other goats and yields from 48 to 60% edible meat. Boer Goats give lean, high quality meat which is tender, juicy and flavoursome. Boers provide larger, higher quality skins which fetch better market prices compared with local goat skins

Saanen:

Saanen goats are a white or cream-colored breed of goat, named for the Saanen valley in Switzerland. Saanens are the largest of the goat dairy breeds. Does typically weigh 150 lb (68 kg) or more, with bucks weighing over 200 lb (91 kg). The Saanen breed also produces the most milk on average, and tends to have a lower butterfat content, about 2.5%–3.0%. A Saanen nanny produces around an average of 1 gallon (3.8 litres) a day.

Damascus:

The Damascus goat, also known as Aleppo, Halep, Baladi, Damascene, Shami, or Chami, is a breed of goat raised in Syria and Lebanon. It is a dual purpose breed.

Indian Sheep Breeds


Magra:

formerly known as Bikaneri; also known as Bikaneri Chokhla and Chakri) found in Bikaner, Nagaur, Jaisalmer and Churu districts of Rajasthan. However, animals true to the breed type are found only in the eastern and southern parts of Bikaner district. This breed is the only lustrous carpet-wool producing breed. The most important strain of Magra (Bikaneri Chokhla) has flocks with extremely white and lustrous fleeces, found only in a few villages around Bikaner. The fleece is of good carpet quality. The breeding programme is to improve this breed through selection. Personal interviews with breeders as well as with the wool traders and industrialists in Bikaner indicated serious concern at the rapid reduction in numbers of Magra animals. Further, there is much crossbreeding with other breeds of the vicinity, so that the true Magra or Bikaneri Chokhla has a very small population, and there is therefore serious need for conservation.

Marwari:

The name originates from the home tract of the breed: Marwad. The breed resembles black-headed Persian sheep but is smaller in size and has good fleece. Found in Jodhpur, Jalore, Nagaou, Peli and Barmer districts, extending up to Ajmer and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan and the Jeoria region of Gujarat. The breed is being improved through selection for fleece weight and carpet quality.The Rambouillet - Australian Merino Ram